The Wikipedia defines cladding as the “application of one material over another to provide a skin or layer. In construction, cladding is used to provide a degree of thermal insulation and weather resistance, and to improve the appearance of buildings.”
Cladding protects a building from tear and wear. It serves as the shield from the heat, moisture and wind and is an integral part of wall assembly. There are many ways on how to clad your building and there are also a variety of available materials. The good thing is that these days cladding materials are not only made for the protection of a building but they also enhance the appearance of the building.
Cladding and Wall Assemblies
The three major categories of commercial wall assemblies—mass walls, barrier walls, and cavity walls—all handle moisture differently.
Mass walls like brick masonry, concrete, and rammed earth rely on the thickness and compactness of the wall materials to stop infiltration. The wall material doubles as cladding and they provide a great protection to the exterior walls of the building. However, no matter how good your cladding is, moisture and heat may still penetrate the walls especially in extreme cases of prolonged storm or prolonged dry season. So, secondary systems to prevent moisture and heat must always be available in case those materials fail.
The barrier walls employ the use of external wall assembly that maintains weather-tightness by preventing the intrusion of air, moisture or sound into the building. Its effectiveness rely on how they were installed and the construction joints. Examples of barrier walls are precast concrete panels, rainscreens and exterior insulation finish systems (EIFS) are barrier walls.
Cavity wall is constructed with two separate walls that has a hollow center. The hollow center serves as the drainage from the moisture and air that may enter the building. Moisture that gets past the cladding is stopped by a weather barrier and drained away from the building, and because the air pressure is equalized in many of these systems , moisture and sound are not driven into the assembly.
Facade cladding is the application of different coating materials to the surface of internal and external facades. These coating which come in different forms and styles are expected to deliver the desired sheathing protection as well as their beautiful appearance.
The installation of bricks depends on the carpenter or anyone who is expert in doing it. It may take time as this process needs to be done carefully to attain effective sheathing. Small bricks used for cladding is installed one by one or hey are installed per foot or per yard. There are also brick tiles today that look and work like brick cladding does.
Why Do We Need Facade Cladding?
We want our facade to be protected from wear and tear and at the same time look beautiful. Living in a place where you can see beauty and feel safety and protection gives us peace of mind. This is the psychological aspect of it. That’s why we clad our facade or even the entire building because of these reasons.
What Are The Facade Cladding Materials?
There are a number of facade cladding materials that you can choose from like glass, aluminum, wood, betopan, stone, precancer, styrofoam, and even earth! Choose the materials that are suitable for you and meet your requirements. Below are examples of these cladding materials.
Brick cladding is a construction term that uses bricks to sheath another materials for some protection and to make it look more beautiful. IT protects the coated items from outside elements that may damage the structure.
Stone cladding or stone coating is done using stone veneers, natural stones, or simulated stones applied to the surface of a building for protection from extreme weather like heat, storm, and moisture. They are also applied as part of the original architectural design of a building for aesthetic purpose.
Basically, a marble is hard crystalline metamorphic form of limestone that is usually white or ivory and having streaks of colors. When polished, it gives a glossy and smooth texture and used in sculpture and architecture.
The marble coat produces a glossy marble texture and is mostly applied to interior walls. However, it can also be used for external walls. It is generally sprayed onto the surface but marble coats can also be plastered or attached on wall to produce various textures.
So, do you need exterior cladding?
You may think that exterior cladding is not something that your house needs but it is what keeps a building safe when bad weather happens. It is the exterior wall sheathing that protects all the interior components of a house. Cladding is not just something that you choose like choosing a wall paint. It needs to be carefully planned especially if you are doing it for protection and not just for beautification. Cladding must be carefully installed and maintained so that it will protect your property for a long time. There are various of cladding choices that give both the protection you need and the aesthetics as well.
The interior of your house may also be cladded for additional covering and for aesthetic function like your kitchen walls, living room walls and even the bathroom. However, the idea of cladding is usually applied to the exterior of your home to protect your home from outside elements that may destroy its structure and to protect its internal elements.
So, choosing the best cladding has to be dependent on your location, the type of house, and your preferences. Always contact an expert who can discuss all pros and cons of each cladding, their features, and their maintenance so that you may get the full benefits of them.
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